ii. They consecrated the armor of the king and his sons to the temple of Ashtaroth fastened their bodies on the temple of Shen, while they fixed the royal heads ignominiously in the temple of Dagon ( 1 Chronicles 10:10 ); thus dividing the glory among their several deities. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. i. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (The Song of the Bow, 2 Samuel 1:11-27). “There was also a special providence of God in taking away Jonathan, (who of all Saul’s sons seems to have been the fairest for the crown,) for the preventing divisions, which have happened amongst the people concerning the successor; David’s way to the crown being by this means made the more clear.” (Poole). . “It is a very solemn thought! Commentary for 1 Samuel 31 . If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 1. (See our comment on this in 1 Sam. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. , knew the battle was completely lost. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Beginning of the Monarchy (1 Samuel 8-31) Appointment of the first king (1 Samuel 8-10) Saul's reign until his rejection (1 Samuel 11-15) The fall of Saul and rise of David (1 Samuel 16-31) As the book of 1 Samuel opens, lawlessness is reaching its height in Israel. to repent. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled (1 Samuel 28:5). CHAPTER 31. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. Despite his sin, David never followed in the same tragic footsteps as King Saul. RayFowler.org is a place to discuss various issues relating to God and life. ii. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled (1 Samuel 28:5). b. When David heard of Saul’s death, he did not rejoice. Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. A battle in Mount Gilboa between Israel and the Philistines; in which the former are defeated, and Saul's three sons slain, 1 Samuel 31:1, 1 Samuel 31:2.Saul, being mortally wounded, and afraid to fall alive into the hands of the Philistines, desires his armor-bearer to despatch him; which he refusing, Saul falls on his sword, and his armor-bearer does the same, 1 Samuel 31:3-6. The Philistines fought against Israel, and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). As it was, David had to deal with Ishbosheth, the one surviving son of Saul before taking the undisputed throne of Israel (2 Samuel 2:8 through 4:12). 2. I’m going to argue today that you are also what you worship. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. In the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, the author tells his story in a way similar to the way major television networks cover the Olympics. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Complete Concise Chapter Contents. The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers. Proud member So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). 1 Samuel 31 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Many years before Saul delivered their city from the Ammonites (1 Samuel 11:1-11), and they repaid the kindness God showed them from the hand of Saul. Disobedience has consequences for kings! Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. To proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. It literally endangered the entire nation of Israel. 10. to the wall--( 2 Samuel 21:12 )--"the street" of Beth-shan. a. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons. Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan: This was the ultimate insult against Saul. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. 1-samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. 3-5. the battle went sore against Saul, &c.--He seems to have bravely maintained his ground for some time longer; but exhausted with fatigue and loss of blood, and dreading that if he fell alive into the enemy's hands, they would insolently maltreat him ( Joshua 8:29 , 10:24 , Judges 8:21 ), he requested his armor bearer to despatch him. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). Choosing this kind of heart showed David to be a true “Man after God’s Own Heart.” It showed that the years in the wilderness escaping Saul really were years when God trained him to be a king after God’s own heart. b. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. : Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. The spirit Most of us are familiar with the expression “You are what you eat”. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled. 11-13. the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which the Philistines had done--Mindful of the important and timely services Saul had rendered them, they gratefully and heroically resolved not to suffer such indignities to be inflicted on the remains of the royal family. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. But the same could not be said of Saul’s other sons. 28.) burnt them--This was not a Hebrew custom. , 2 Samuel 1:11-27). By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. Feel free to hit the comments button on … Saul’s death was used to glorify pagan gods and to mock the living God. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. : In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. All his men died together that same day: As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the absence of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. So Saul and his three sons--The influence of a directing Providence is evidently to be traced in permitting the death of Saul's three eldest and most energetic sons, particularly that of Jonathan, for whom, had he survived his father, a strong party would undoubtedly have risen and thus obstructed the path of David to the throne. He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (, : As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the. . 1 Samuel 31:11-13 . , they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. 3. b. 31:1 YHWH's presence was with David but not with Saul. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. Clarke explains well: “He was to all appearance mortally wounded, when he begged his armourbearer to extinguish the remaining spark of life… though this wound accelerated his death, yet it could not be properly the cause of it, as he was mortally wounded before, and did it on the conviction that he could not survive.”. 1 Samuel 31 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The "Spirit of the Lord" had left Saul and abided with David. Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 31 and more! To proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people: Saul’s tragic death gave opportunity for the enemies of the LORD to disgrace His name. They are then interwoven in a very careful manner, so that every event is covered in a way that does not appear … The Philistines fought against Israel, and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). Payne, like most modern scholars saw this battle as coming immediately after 1 Sam. (11-13) The men of Jabesh Gilead end the disgrace of Saul and his sons. Commentary on 1 Samuel 30-31 (Death of Saul) September 28, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment During the time covered in 1 Samuel 18-29, David built up a small army of 600 men from the outcasts of Israel, while Saul continued to hunt David down in order to kill him. The battle became intense against Saul: Saul, struck by many arrows and severely wounded, knew the battle was completely lost. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Upon taking the throne David rightly thanked these valiant men for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). No career could begin with fairer, brighter prospects than Saul had, and none could close in more absolute midnight of despair; and yet such a fate may befall us, unless we watch, and pray, and walk humbly with our God.” (Meyer). The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. of i. b. But the marvels of modern communication provide a solution: one event is covered live as it is taking place, while the other events are video taped. Indeed, he had been told by Samuel not long ago: “For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. and all his men, that same day together--his servants or bodyguard ( 1 Chronicles 10:6 ). Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. The events of this chapter are parallel to 1 Chronicles 10. Glory to God, He always has His valiant men! b. Saul’s sons: Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. a. Saul's defeat and death. But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. You can check these in your browser security settings. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. ii. If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). When the leader (King Saul) was struck, it spread panic among God’s people. Saul was merely wounded, but bad enough where he would not be able to escape. 31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. The inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead: These valiant men are also recognized for their gratitude. i. Since many different events take place at the same time, there is no way the network can cover all events simultaneously. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. And took the body of Saul, &c. — They had been delivered by Saul in the beginning of his reign from the Ammonites, when they were in danger of losing their lives, chap. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The rest of the nation was ripe for total conquest by the Philistines. i. You can also change some of your preferences. 1-samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. : This was the ultimate insult against Saul. (8-13)1-7 We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. , and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). Taking advantage of the heights of Mount Gilboa, [the Israelites] attempted to rally, but in vain. a) If you think about how big we are as babies versus adults, the “difference” is based on … Instead of taking his fe… Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 12. valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons--Considering that Beth-shan is an hour and a half's distance, and by a narrow upland passage, to the west of the Jordan (the whole being a journey from Jabesh-gilead of about ten miles), they must have made all haste to travel thither to carry off the headless bodies and return to their own side of the Jordan in the course of a single night. 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. Saul's defeat and death. ii. ii. Introduction. It was probably resorted to on this occasion to prevent all risk of the Beth-shanites coming to disinter the royal remains for further insult. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. 1 Samuel 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). All rights reserved. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? 6. on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. Then Saul said to his armorbearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.” But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Now the Philistines fought against Israel--In a regular engagement, in which the two armies met ( 1 Samuel 28:1-4), the Israelites were forced to give way, being annoyed by the arrows of the enemy, which, destroying them at a distance before …

1 samuel 31 commentary

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